✒️The anthropologist Elisabeth Burgos-Debray interviewed human rights activist and Nobel Peace laureate from Guatemala, Rigoberta Menchú Tum, to piece together this story of her life and the struggle for indigenous women’s rights.
Who are these women ?
Venezuelan anthropologist Elisabeth Burgos-Debray (born in Valencia, Venezuela, in 1941), former wife of the French philosopher Régis Debray, was the editorof Rigoberta Menchú's controversial autobiography I, Rigoberta Menchú. She was director of the Maison de l'Amerique Latine in Paris and of the Institut Cultural Français in Seville.
Rigoberta Menchú told Burgos her life in a series of interviews. Menchu claims in the book that she couldn't read or write in Spanish very well. She also adds that her spoken Spanish was poor. For this reason, Burgos took on the role of assembling Menchu's testimony. Menchu's story speaks to her experience as an indigenous woman, as well as atrocities committed by the Guatemalan military.
Menchu's story is considered one of the major texts of Latin American "testimonio." In the U.S., the title of the narrative went by the name of I, Rigoberta Menchu, and in the original Spanish (Me llamo Rigoberta Menchú y así me nació la conciencia. In the text, Burgos also adds quotes from the Popol Vuh, the sacred book of the Mayans. Those epigraphs foreshadow the narrative of the testimonial of Menchu. The translation into English became an international phenomenon
Rigoberta Menchú Tum (born 9 January 1959) is a K'iche' political and human rights activist from Guatemala. Menchú has dedicated her life to publicizing the rights of Guatemala's indigenous feminists during and after the Guatemalan Civil War (1960–1996), and to promoting indigenous rights in the country.
She received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992 and the Prince of Asturias Award in 1998, in addition to other prestigious awards. She is the subject of the testimonial biography I, Rigoberta Menchú (1983) and the author of the autobiographical work, Crossing Borders (1998), among other works. Menchú is a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. She has also become a figure in indigenous political parties and ran for President of Guatemala in 2007 and 2011.
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Pic and credit by Rigoberta Menchu.
Source by Amazon and Wikipedia
Pic by credit Elisabeth Burgos-Debray and lexpress.fr