Narges Mohammadiwas was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran.
Narges Mohammadi is an Iranian human rights activist and journalist. She is known for her advocacy work in promoting human rights, women's rights, and freedom of expression in Iran. Mohammadi has been involved in various organizations and initiatives that aim to improve the conditions and rights of women in Iran. She has faced persecution and imprisonment for her activism, and her work has gained international recognition. In 2023, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran. Mohammadi's remarkable contributions and dedication to human rights make her an inspiring figure in the global fight for equality and justice.
Here are some key points about Narges Mohammadi:
Background: Narges Mohammadi was born on April 21, 1972, in Zanjan, Iran. She has a background in physics and engineering but became involved in activism due to her concern for human rights in Iran.
Human Rights Activism: Mohammadi has been an outspoken advocate for various human rights causes in Iran. She has been particularly focused on issues related to women's rights, prisoners' rights, and the rights of children born to female prisoners.
Prison Sentences: She has been imprisoned multiple times for her activism. Her most notable imprisonment occurred in 2016 when she was sentenced to ten years in prison on charges of "membership in the Defenders of Human Rights Center," an organization co-founded by Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi. She also faced charges related to her peaceful advocacy.
Health Issues: While in prison, Narges Mohammadi faced significant health issues, including seizures and partial paralysis. Her health deteriorated due to inadequate medical care, and she went on hunger strikes to protest her treatment.
International Recognition: Mohammadi's activism and her treatment by Iranian authorities have drawn international attention and condemnation. Various human rights organizations, governments, and activists have called for her release and expressed concern about her health and well-being.
Release: In October 2020, Narges Mohammadi was released from prison on furlough due to her deteriorating health and the COVID-19 pandemic. However, she continued to face legal restrictions on her activities and freedom.
In 2023, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran. Mohammadi has written about the abuse and mistreatment of women detained during anti-government protests in Iran.
Mohammadi's work and dedication to human rights have gained international recognition and support She is considered a courageous and influential figure in the fight for equality and justice in Iran .
The gender gap in Nobel Prize
The gender gap in Nobel Prize recipients since its inception is a glaring and concerning reality. While the Nobel Prize recognizes exceptional contributions across various fields, the numbers clearly indicate a significant underrepresentation of women.
Since 1901, out of the more than 900 Nobel Prizes awarded, only around 55 have been awarded to women. This represents a mere 6% of all Nobel laureates. In certain categories, such as Physics and Chemistry, the gender disparity is even more striking, with only three and five women laureates respectively. In contrast, the overwhelming majority of Nobel Prizes have been bestowed upon men.
1.- Since the inception of the Nobel Prize in 1901, more than 900 Nobel Prizes have been awarded across various categories including Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economic Sciences
2.- Out of these 900+ Nobel Prizes, only around 55 have been awarded to women. This represents approximately 6% of all Nobel laureates.
3.-The disparity becomes even more pronounced when looking at specific categories. For example:
In Physics, only three women have been awarded the Nobel Prize: Marie Curie in 1903, Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963, and Donna Strickland in 2018.
In Chemistry, only five women have received the Nobel Prize, including Marie Curie who won it twice, in 1903 and 1911.
4. The overwhelming majority of Nobel Prizes have been awarded to men, indicating a significant gender gap in this prestigious recognition.
5. These figures highlight the systemic barriers and biases that have historically hindered women's participation and recognition in fields traditionally dominated by men.
6. Addressing the gender disparity in Nobel Prizes requires proactive measures such as promoting gender equality in education, providing support and resources to women in their respective fields, and challenging societal norms and stereotypes.
7. Encouraging more women to pursue careers in science, literature, peace activism, and other fields can help bridge the gap and ensure that their remarkable contributions are appropriately acknowledged and celebrated.
These figures highlight the systemic barriers and biases that have historically hindered women's participation and recognition in fields traditionally dominated by men. They shed light on the need for continued efforts to dismantle gender-based discrimination and create more inclusive opportunities for women to excel in their respective fields. It is essential to recognize that the gender gap in Nobel Prizes is not a reflection of women's abilities or their contribution to society. Rather, it reflects the persistent challenges and biases that limit their visibility and hinder their progress. Addressing this gender disparity requires proactive measures, such as promoting gender equality in education, supporting women's access to resources and opportunities, and challenging societal norms and stereotypes.
Encouraging more women to pursue careers in science, literature, peace activism, and other fields can help bridge this gap and ensure that their remarkable contributions are appropriately acknowledged and celebrated. By acknowledging and actively working to correct the gender imbalance in Nobel Prize recipients, we can strive towards a more equitable world that recognizes and values the immense talent and achievements of all individuals, regardless of their gender.
Curator Montse Dominguez i Munllonch
Bibliografia y recursos.
"Nobel Peace Prize 2023 updates: Winner is Iran's Narges Mohammadi" - AP News Link: https://apnews.com/article/nobel-peace-prize-iran-narges-mohammadi-7f2e9c0b7b5e7e6c4f0e9d5d8e9b5e0d
"Narges Mohammadi's Nobel Peace Prize is for Iran" - Vox Link https://www.vox.com/2023/10/6/22712283/narges-mohammadi-nobel-peace-prize-iran
"Jailed Iranian activist Narges Mohammadi wins Nobel Peace Prize" - Al Jazeera Link https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/10/6/jailed-iranian-activist-narges-mohammadi-wins-nobel-peace-prize
"The Nobel Peace Prize 2023 - Prize announcement" - NobelPrize.org Link: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2023/prize-announcement/
"The gender gap in Nobel Prize" - UNESCO Link: https://en.unesco.org/themes/women-s-and-girls-education/gender-equality-science/gender-gap-nobel-prize
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